By Adel Beshara

Antun Sa'adeh, a nationalist philosopher who lived from 1904 to 1949, used to be one of many significant highbrow figures of contemporary Syria. The impression of his principles has been felt in politics, literature and philosophy, in addition to within the social sciences. certainly, the courses for which he was once most sensible recognized ("The upward thrust of Nations", "The Ten Lectures", "Intellectual fight in Syrian Literature", and "The Folly of Immortality"), have had a huge impression at the politico-intellectual move in Syria and through the Arab global. Sa'adeh's existence used to be a distinct mix of committed, perpetual fight, righteous idealism, and theoretical pragmatism. He used to be now not easily an outspoken determine at the political degree, yet tried the progressive remedy of paramount social and financial ills. This publication is a set of scholarly articles by means of major specialists on Antun Sa'adeh's notion. the gathering covers quite a few elements of his proposal and never simply his political opinions. The individuals to this quantity speak about a number of elements of Sa'adeh's proposal, hence offering a consultant to additional research and mirrored image. The essays take care of particular matters, the arguments and counter-arguments which were voiced, they usually try out, at any time when attainable, to take some of the interpretations of varied facets of Sa'adeh's idea a number of steps extra. It offers a synopsis of the paintings performed hitherto within the box, discusses the $64000 stories released during the last fifty years, together with the main updated paintings, and whilst identifies the most difficulties that experience arisen in Arabic in addition to English secondary assets. hence it offers at the one hand a reference paintings summarizing prior study within the box and even as it truly is an unique paintings of synthesis and new interpretations. it's one of many first works on Sa'adeh to seem on many points of his concept by means of top gurus within the box.

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Extra info for Antun Sa'adeh: The Man, His Thought: an Anthology

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Saπadeh’s attitude to religion’s role in national formations is clearly stated in the observation: “Religion is one, but nations are manifold. ”48 In reality, Saπadeh aspired not only to show how nations capitalize on religious unity to assert their own personalities and interests, but also to explain, first and foremost, how national unity ultimately subordinates the sectarian and religious loyalties of its members. The greatest problem regarding the relationship between nation and religion lies in the struggle for power and control of the state.

5, pp. 156–157; also, The Ten Lectures, pp. 71–72. , vol. 1, Beirut: Dar Fikr, 1975, pp. 229–236. , vol. 2, p. 110. [41] A N T U N S A π A D E H : N AT I O N A L I S M 26 For additional discussion of this point see Ernest Barker, National Character and the Factors in Its Formation, London: Methuen & Co, 1927. , p. 133. 28 On this period of Saπadeh’s life see Nawwaf Hardan, Saπadeh fi al-Mahjar: 1921–1930 (Saπadeh Abroad: 1921–1930), Beirut: Dar Fikr, vol. 1, 1988. 29 It can be argued that Saπadeh did not explain clearly what he meant by “several” nations whose existence is attributable to the geographic factor or homelandenvironment.

67–103. M. Van Dusen, “Political Integration and Regionalism in Syria”, Middle East Journal 26 (1972): pp. 123–136. 4 For instance, in his Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age (p. 379), Albert Hourani, describes Saπadeh’s national thought in terms of the wish and interest versus language and religion as bases for forming a nation, neglecting the geographic factor except in his account of “Geographic Syria”. 5 Ahmad Baydun, Identite confessionenelle et temps social shez les historiens libanais contemporains, Beirut: Lebanese University Press, 1984, p.

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