By H. R. Ekbia

This ebook is a critique of man-made Intelligence (AI) from the viewpoint of cognitive technology - it seeks to ascertain what we've got discovered approximately human cognition from AI successes and screw ups. The book's objective is to split these "AI dreams" that both were or might be learned from those who are developed via discourse and are unrealizable. AI study has complex many components which are intellectually compelling and holds nice promise for advances in technological know-how, engineering, and functional platforms. After the Eighties, besides the fact that, the sphere has usually struggled to convey broadly on those grants. This publication breaks new floor via examining how a number of the riding desires of individuals working towards AI study develop into valued contributions, whereas others devolve into unrealized and unrealizable tasks.

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Additional resources for Artificial Dreams: The Quest for Non-Biological Intelligence

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As such, it brings to light interesting facets of scientific practice that might not be easily discernible in paradigmatic “laboratory” experiments – for example, the role of metaphors in scientific thinking, the relationship between theory and practice in science, and the significance of the cultural and material conditions on the outcome of science. To start out, I will discuss the standard techniques of computer chess and some aspects of human chess. Then taking chess as the prime example, I address the central questions, highlighting some of the differences in opinion among different commentators.

Utopians, according to Kling, “enchant us with images of new technologies that offer exciting possibilities of manipulating large amounts of information rapidly with little 19:15 P1: KNP 9780521878678c01 CUFX253/Ekbia 978 0 521 87867 8 GPS: The Origins of AI April 3, 2008 33 effort, to enhance control, to create insights, to search for information, and to facilitate cooperative work between people” (1997: 41). ). Dystopians, by contrast, often portray a darker social vision in which any likely form of computerization will amplify human misery.

In particular, they should serve as a reminder that the state, no less than the innovative entrepreneur in the garage, was a major contributor to the development of computer technology and AI (Castells 1996: 60; Edwards 1996). Based on considerations such as these, Kling and Iacono (1995) described AI as a computerization movement similar in character to office automation, personal computing, networking, and so on. We will examine the implications of this view of AI in more detail in the Epilogue.

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