By Guillem Pons-Lladö MD., Francesc Carreras MD., Xavier Borrás MD., Maite Subirana MD., Luís J. Jiménez-Borreguero MD. (auth.)
Glossary four bankruptcy 1: fundamentals of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance and six common perspectives 1. 1 Definition and actual fundamentals 6 a. Definition and ancient heritage 6 b. actual fundamentals 6 1. 2 Technical Modalities 10 a. Spin echo 12 b. Gradient echo 12 c. quick gradient echo thirteen d. really expert recommendations thirteen e. thoughts less than medical research thirteen 1. three examine technique: common Anatomy thirteen a. Technical gear thirteen b. scientific body of workers thirteen c. coaching of the sufferer thirteen d. basic MRI anatomy 17 References 17 bankruptcy 2: Ventricular Morphology and serve as: research of 26 Cardiomyopathies 2. 1 Morphological research of center Chambers 26 a. Left ventricle 26 b. correct ventricle 31 2. 2 Ventricular functionality 31 a. Left ventricular functionality 31 b. correct ventricular functionality 33 2. three Cardiomyopathies 33 a. Dilated cardiomyopathy 33 b. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 33 c. Restrictive cardiomyopathy 35 d. Arrhythmogenic dysplasia of the fitting ventricle 35 References 35 (f) bankruptcy three: got illnesses of the Aorta 38 I c three. 1 Technical features of the Aortic research through MRI: Imaging the conventional Aorta 38 three. 2 Aortic Aneurysm forty three three. three Aortic Dissection and comparable Entities OJ forty three a. approach for the research of aortic dissection by way of MRI forty three I b. Differential analysis of aortic dissection through MRI forty seven References forty nine c o U . ;jj bankruptcy four: examine of Valvular center disorder fifty four four. 1 advent fifty four four. 2 speed Calculation and stream Quantitation fifty four 4.
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Van der Geest RJ, Buller VG, Jansen E, et al. Comparison between manual and semiautomated analysis of left ventricular volume parameters from short-axis MR images. ] ComputAssist Tomogr 1997; 21: 756-65. 10. McDonald KM, Parrish T, Wennberg P, et al. Rapid, accurate and simultaneous nonmvasive assessment of right and left ventricular mass with nuclear magnetic resonance imaging using the snapshot gradient method. ] Am Coli Cardiol 1992; 19: 1601-7. Pattynama PM, Lamb H], Van der Weide EA, Van der Geest RJ, Van der Wall EE, de Roos A.
This will give us a new longitudinal plane of the left ventricle orthogonal to the previous one, along with the septal and lateral free wall, including the right ventricle and both atria, similar to the echocardiographic fourchamber plane (Figure 2,3). With this slice we can determine the thickness of the left ventricular wall and its transverse diameter. Obviously, these measurements will show good correlation with the corresponding ones obtained by echocardiography 1. 27 In a good deal of heart diseases, a complete morphological study of the left ventricle must include a determination of the left ventricular mass (LVM).
4. Mural thrombosis (arrrows) in the interior of the descending aorta. (A) axial plane in spin echo. (9) axial plane in gradient echo at the same level. AAo: ascending aorta; DAo: descending aorta; LPA: left pulmonary artery; SVC: superior vena cava. F. 5. Oblique sagittal plane in gradient echo in a case of coarctation of the aorta in which a phenomenon of signal void can be observed (arrow), indicative of flow turbulence due to the coarctation. DAo: descending aorta; LSA: left subclavian artery; AoA: aortic arch; MPA: main pulmonary artery.