By G. J. Van Mill
In a comparatively brief time period two-dimensional echo cardiography has develop into crucial non-invasive diagnostic instrument within the day-by-day perform of a pediatric heart specialist who predominantly offers with congenital structural middle sickness in neonates and babies. therefore, one-dimensional M-mode echocardiography has misplaced so much of its value quite during this box. for that reason, an atlas displaying solely two-dimensional echocardiograms of the commonest and a few much less usually happening malformations seemed to be an invaluable addition to the prevailing literature. The confinement to 2 dimensional imaging on my own allowed an problematic presentation of many of the defects with greater than two hundred chosen nonetheless frames and plenty of extra explanatory drawings and diagrams. the cloth used to be amassed from sufferers who have been noted the dep. of Pediatric Cardiology of the Wilhelmina college kid's health center in Utrecht in the course of a interval of approximately 2 years. The two-dimensional echocardiographic findings have been correlated with cardiac catheterization facts and/or surgeries and/or publish mortem investigations. the mandatory echocardiographic apparatus used to be aquired with monetary relief from the Dutch center origin. we're indebted to Mrs. J. W. Wetselaar for her impressive art. We additionally thank P. D. Woltema and F. J. van Waert for the photographic reproductions, Jacomine Bosma for getting ready and type-setting the whole manuscript and Dr. N. Middleton for significantly studying the English textual content. G. J. van Mill, M. D. A. J. Moulaert, M. D. E. Harinck, M. D. CONTENTS 1. creation and the traditional middle advent the traditional center 2 2.
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Additional info for Atlas of Two-Dimensional Echocardiography in Congenital Cardiac Defects
RA = right atrium, Ao = aorta, MP A = main pulmonary artery, tv = tricuspid valve, R V = right ventricle, LV = left ventricle. 6. Two-dimensional echocardiograms exhibiting a peri membranous inlet ventricular septal defect. Arrows indicate the site of the septal deficiency. LA = left atrium, Ao = aorta, RA = right atrium, tv = tricuspid valve, RV = right ventricle, IVS = interventricular septum, LV = left ventricle, c = catheter, mv = mitral valve, lvot = left ventricular outflow tract. 32 Figure 2.
6. Two-dimensional echocardiograms exhibiting a peri membranous inlet ventricular septal defect. Arrows indicate the site of the septal deficiency. LA = left atrium, Ao = aorta, RA = right atrium, tv = tricuspid valve, RV = right ventricle, IVS = interventricular septum, LV = left ventricle, c = catheter, mv = mitral valve, lvot = left ventricular outflow tract. 32 Figure 2. 7. Two-dimensional echocardiograms of a patient with a spontaneously closed ventricular septal defect. At the site of the membranous septum an aneurysm is present (arrows).
RA = right atrium, RA = left atrium, asd = atria! septal defect, RV = right ventricle, LV = left ventricle, tv = tricuspid valve, vsd = ventricular septal defect, Ao = aorta, ms = membranous septum. 10. Two-dimensional echocardiograms of a patient with two defects in the muscular inlet septum. Arrows indicate the site of the septal deficiencies. Ao = aorta, ms = membranous septum, RV = right ventricle, LV = left ventricle, RA = right atrium, LA = left atrium. 11. Two-dimensional echocardiograms of a patient with a defect in the trabecular part of the interventricular septum.