By Albert Balcells
This publication, the 1st learn of Catalan nationalism to seem in English, outlines the heritage of Catalonia, exhibiting how the nationwide and cultural id of the zone endured regardless of persecution. this gives the required history for the research of the modern political and cultural state of affairs in Catalonia within the wider context of the ecu Union.
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Additional resources for Catalan Nationalism: Past and Present
And loss of cultural vitality made for an unsatisfactory state of affairs which affected the greater part of the population. One expression of this feeling of dissatisfaction was the increase in banditry during the second half of the sixteenth and the first third of the seventeenth century. This phenomenon was exploited by two groups, known as nyerros and cadells, who competed for power, undermining the authority of the Viceroy, the representative in Catalonia of the permanently absent King. During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries Catalonia retained its own independent institutions, currency, customs, and tax system.
3. A reference to wheat imports from the Ukraine, though those from North America and Argentina were also highly competitive. 4. The tendency to call for the re-establishment of the Jors, that is, the political privileges enjoyed by Catalonia prior to 1714. This traditionalist vision of self-government, oriented towards the past rather than the present, was characteristic of the Carlists, who were opponents of the liberal revolution. 3 Catalan Federalism and the Failure of the First Republic THE STRENGTH AND WEAKNESS OF FEDERALISM The experience of the Sexenio Democratico (' Six Years of Democracy'), which began with the dethronement of Isabel II in September 1868, had far-reaching effects on the subsequent rise of political Catalanism.
In this initial phase Catalanism failed to establish a sufficiently broad social base to become a viable political alternative. In 1887 Centre Catalfl broke up. The splinter group, which had La Renaixensa as its mouthpiece, took the name of Lliga de Catalunya (League of Catalonia). It commanded the support of the Centre Escolar Catalfl (Catalan Centre of University Students), made up of Catalanist students headed by such future leaders of the Catalan movement as Prat de la Riba, Verdaguer i CalIfs, Domenech i Montaner, Puig i Cadafalch, Camb6 and others.