By Jon Birger Skjaerseth, Tora Skodvin

This quantity provides an in depth learn of the weather techniques of ExxonMobil, Shell, and Statoil. With an leading edge analytical procedure, the authors clarify diversifications at 3 decision-making degrees: in the businesses themselves, within the nationwide home-bases of the corporations, and on the overseas point. The research generates policy-relevant wisdom approximately no matter if and the way company resistance to a attainable weather coverage might be triumph over.

Show description

Read or Download Climate Change and the Oil Industry: Common Problems, Different Strategies (Issues in Environmental Politics) PDF

Best environmentalism books

Download PDF by Robert W. Hastings: The Lakes of Pontchartrain: Their History and Environments

An important and risky a part of the hot Orleans panorama and way of life, the Lake Pontchartrain Basin truly comprises 3 significant our bodies of water--Lakes Borgne, Pontchartrain, and Maurepas. those make up the Pontchartrain estuary. Robert W. Hastings presents a radical exam of the historic and environmental study at the basin, with emphasis on its environmental degradation and the efforts to revive and shield this estuarine procedure.

Download e-book for iPad: The wild east: a biography of the Great Smoky Mountains by Margaret Lynn Brown

Explores the social, political, and environmental adjustments within the nice Smoky Mountains through the nineteenth & twentieth centuries. even if this nationwide park is frequently portrayed as a triumph of renovation, Brown concludes that the most important forested zone within the jap US is de facto a re-created wilderness-a manufactured from recovery & even manipulation of the land.

Download e-book for iPad: Zoo Animal Welfare by Terry Maple, Bonnie M Perdue (auth.)

Zoo Animal Welfare completely experiences the clinical literature at the welfare of zoo and aquarium animals. Maple and Perdue draw from the senior author’s 24 years of expertise as a zoo govt and foreign chief within the box of zoo biology. The authors’ educational education within the interdisciplinary box of psychobiology offers a special point of view for comparing the ethics, practices, and criteria of recent zoos and aquariums.

Unique Environmentalism: A Comparative Perspective - download pdf or read online

This ebook explains and demonstrates how the Norwegian case of environmentalism is exclusive. the 2 hooked up anomalies of an inclusive and nation pleasant society and a powerful orientation and dedication to neighborhood groups make the case stand except mainstream overseas definitions of environmentalism.

Extra info for Climate Change and the Oil Industry: Common Problems, Different Strategies (Issues in Environmental Politics)

Example text

1996). According to Young, international regimes evolve continuously in response to their own inner dynamics (Young, 1989: 95). Levy has labelled such dynamics of international environmental insti- 38 Climate change and the oil industry tutions as ‘tote-board diplomacy’ (Levy, 1993). According to this perspective, we can expect that, over time, joint commitments will become more stringent and governments as well as corporations more ambitious in implementing them. It is reasonable to assume that this process becomes more likely when the initial institutional arrangements have a narrow scope, include lenient commitments and possess institutional feedback mechanisms that encourage dynamic development.

Conversely, low demands and lenient policy will point in the direction of a reactive strategy. Political institutions linking demand and supply Western democratic political systems have two main channels for influencing decision-making by linking state and society: the numericaldemocratic channel, which includes voters, political parties and parliaments; and the corporative channel, in which non-governmental and governmental decision-makers meet to consult, collaborate and negotiate. The relative importance of each of these channels has traditionally been summed up in the phrase ‘votes count, but resources decide’ (Rokkan, 1966).

The same is true when it comes to capital availability. Kolk and Levy (2001) argue that low profitability may lead to a reorientation towards renewables. On the other hand, low profitability may also lead to caution concerning new and more risky investments. Human resource availability can be expected to be roughly equal for global companies operating in the same global market. However, there may be differences in in-house scientific and technological expertise that may influence the perception of causes as well as solutions to environmental problems characterised by scientific uncertainty.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.38 of 5 – based on 48 votes