By Roman Szporluk

During this hugely unique learn, Szporluk examines the connection among the 2 dominant ideologies of the nineteenth century--communism and nationalism--and their enduring legacy within the twentieth century. Szporluk argues that either Karl Marx's conception of communism and Friedrich List's conception of nationalism arose according to the sweeping alterations led to through the commercial Revolution, and that either sought to advertise industrialization as a method of reforming the trendy global. each one ideology, the writer contends, constructed on the subject of the opposite and will most sensible be understood because the made of a posh interweaving of the 2, generating within the twentieth century new kinds of nationalism that experience included Marxism into the material in their stream and Marxist states that experience followed threads of nationalistic belief.

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Extra resources for Communism and Nationalism: Karl Marx Versus Friedrich List

Sample text

8 This subject of economic power inside and outside a country raised the broader question of whether the bourgeoisie as a class had common interests that transcended national boundaries, and if so, what those interests were. "9 Marx and Germany: The "List Critique" 35 However much the individual bourgeois fights against the others, as a class the bourgeois have a common interest, and this community of interest, which is directed against the proletariat inside the country, is directed against the bourgeois of other nations outside the country.

In criticizing List, Marx recognized, as we have seen, that the bourgeoisie was divided into separate national units, such as the German bourgeoisie. The latter fought for its interests against its French and British class comrades while exploiting or seeking to exploit the proletariat just as any bourgeois would.

Marx did not ask such questions. " He did not envisage the proletariat succumbing to nationalistic temptations proffered by the bourgeoisie. The "List Critique" mentioned no such possibility. On the contrary, it contained the following categorical declaration: The nationality of the worker is neither French, nor English, nor German, it is labour, free slavery, self-huckstering. His government is neither French, nor English, nor German, it is capital. His native air is neither French, nor German, nor English, it is factory air.

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