By Heikki Eskelinen, Folke Snickars

Europe's house is in a flux. prior cores and peripheries in Europe are experiencing a profound transformation. The riding forces contain, among others, Western ecu monetary and political integration, and japanese ecu transition. we're additionally witnessing basic technological and organisational restructuring of business structures. details expertise and telecommunications are swiftly changing the specifications for comparative virtue. Peripherality is being decided extra via entry to networks than via geographical place. Economies of scale could be attained in disbursed networks of construction with sturdy entry to markets in addition to in huge agglomerations. sincerely, those adjustments additionally demand new views in nearby research. This booklet derives its impetus from a sophisticated summer time institute in local technological know-how which used to be prepared in Joensuu, Finland, in 1993 below the auspices of the eu neighborhood technology organization. the various papers, that have been mentioned on the institute, have been completely revised for the current objective. additionally, chapters on particular themes have been specifically written for the quantity. In such a lot contributions, the point of interest is at the Nordic nations and their inner peripheries. They shape a very fascinating case in assessing customers for the multi-faceted centre-periphery war of words in Europe.

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The subsidiarity principle implies a limitation of powers of national governments and the European Union. Being freed from disparate competencies, there can be gains in terms of greater flexibility, and they may concentrate their efforts in policy fields which have specific national or European dimensions. In a modern national economy in Europe, certain policy decisions are best made at the regional level. These are: firstly, territorial planning, infrastructure and environment; secondly, vocational and superior education and applied research; and thirdly, industrial and innovation policy for SMEs.

The context and nature of European trade and transport is entering a new era. As mentioned previously, Europe now offers a scene of dramatic change: integration of the EU market, disintegration of various nation states, and more openness between all countries and regions in Europe. From a global perspective, traditional patterns of competition - within national borders - are increasingly being replaced by vigorous competi- The European Network Economy 25 tion on a multi-national and even world-wide scale.

Technological standardisation within and between all infrastructure networks in all European countries should be promoted in order to reap the fruits of real international integration in Europe. The policy would call for the removal of all bottlenecks (institutional, technical) which hamper a real interoperability of intermodal network configurations in Europe with due consideration to all negative externalities of a mobile Europe. , via telematics) to the detriment of an expansion of physical capacity.

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