By E. Murray

How does ideology in a few states radicalise to such an volume as to develop into genocidal? Can the factors of radicalisation be visible as inner or exterior? analyzing the ideological evolution within the Armenian genocide, the Holocaust and through the get a divorce of Yugoslavia, Elisabeth desire Murray seeks to reply to those questions during this comparative paintings.

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I find this to be harsh and side with Mann, who defines sociology as the ‘science of society’, which uses systematic methods to generate generalised forms of knowledge; most of history does not participate in this way with its data. The other difference here is that macrosociologists sometimes have a broader understanding of social theory than historians, again allowing for metatheoretical 18 Disrupting Pathways to Genocide outcomes. Thus, for a macrohistorical project assessing radical change and ideological shift, the approach is particularly relevant.

Anderson capitalises on this idea, describing official nationalism as ‘a major effort to stretch the short, tight skin of the nation over the vast body of the old empire’ (Anderson 2001: 35). Often, the institutionalisation of popular nationalist movements by the state resulted in ethnically based exclusionist policies; other times, such as in France and Italy, a more citizen-based approach to the nation arose. The ethnic/civic divide amongst nationalism scholars is right at the heart of the literature pertaining to this project, hinting at why some radicalising states become violent and others manifest change through other institutions.

Nonetheless, that modern genocide differs from conflicts in prehistory, Biblical times, the Middle Ages and even through colonial times has also been well established (see Bauman 2002 [1989]; Mann 2001; Weitz 2003; and Valentino 2004 for examples). In the later sections of this chapter, I will develop this to a greater extent; for now, however, let it be justification for my choice of focus regarding nationalism. The modernity of nations leads to a context and framework for my analysis of genocide literature more generally; thus, I have chosen to focus on modern nationalism more than that of primordialism or perennialism.

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