By Lester R. Brown
One of many world's so much influential thinkers.—Washington PostIn 1543, Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus challenged the view that the solar revolved round the Earth, arguing as a substitute that the Earth revolved round the solar. His paper ended in a revolution in thinking—to a brand new worldview. Eco-Economy discusses the necessity this day for the same shift in our worldview. the problem now could be no matter if the surroundings is a part of the economic climate or the economic climate is a part of the surroundings. Lester R. Brown argues the latter, stating that treating the surroundings as a part of the financial system has produced an economic system that's destroying its normal aid platforms. Brown notes that if China have been to have a vehicle in each storage, American variety, it is going to desire eighty million barrels of oil a day—more than the realm at present produces. If paper intake in line with individual in China have been to arrive the U.S. point, China would want extra paper than the area produces. There cross the world's forests. If the fossil fuel-based, automobile-centered, throwaway financial version won't paintings for China, it is going to now not paintings for the opposite three billion humans within the constructing world—and it's going to now not paintings for the remainder of the area. yet Brown is positive as he describes tips to restructure the worldwide financial system to make it appropriate with the Earth's surroundings in order that monetary growth can proceed. within the new financial system, wind farms substitute coal mines, hydrogen-powered gasoline cells substitute inner combustion engines, and towns are designed for individuals, no longer autos. Glimpses of the hot economic climate may be obvious within the wind farms of Denmark, the sun rooftops of Japan, and the bicycle community of the Netherlands. Eco-Economy is a highway map of ways to get from right here to there.
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The other 10 percent, however, is in the Greenland ice sheet and mountain glaciers, which are more vulnerable to climate change. Now that the Greenland ice sheet has started to melt, we must ask, What if this trend continues? 2 miles) thick in some areas. 31 For the first time since civilization began, sea level has begun to rise at a measurable rate. It has become an indicator to watch, a trend that could force a human migration of almost unimaginable dimensions, and one that will shape the human prospect.
In China, 1,000 tons of water can be used to produce 1 ton of wheat, worth perhaps $200, or to expand industrial output by $14,000—70 times as much. In a country that is desperately seeking economic growth and the jobs it generates, the gain in diverting water from agriculture to industry is obvious. S. 67 Urbanization, industrialization, and ecosystem maintenance also expand the demand for water. As developing-country villagers, traditionally reliant on the village well, move to urban high-rise apartment buildings with indoor plumbing, their residential water use can easily triple.
Higher temperatures mean more evaporation. Water that goes up must come down. 32 More extreme weather events are of particular concern to countries in the hurricane or typhoon belt. Among those most directly affected by increased storm intensity are China, Japan, and the Philippines in the western Pacific, India and Bangladesh in the Bay of Bengal, and the United States and the Central American and Caribbean countries in the western Atlantic. 38 ECO-ECONOMY Munich Re, which insures insurance companies, has maintained detailed, worldwide data on natural catastrophes—principally storms, floods, and earthquakes—over the last half-century.