By Jingzhu Zhao

As one of many eighteen field-specific experiences comprising the excellent scope of the strategic common document of the chinese language Academy of Sciences, this sub-report addresses long-range making plans for constructing technology and expertise within the box of ecological and environmental technological know-how. They every one craft a roadmap for his or her sphere of improvement to 2050. of their entirety, the final and sub-group reviews research the evolution and legislation governing the improvement of technological know-how and know-how, describe the decisive impression of technological know-how and expertise at the modernization method, expect that the area is at the eve of an approaching S&T revolution, and contact for China to be totally ready for this new around of S&T development. in accordance with the specific examine of the calls for on S&T innovation in China's modernization, the studies draw a framework for 8 simple and strategic structures of socio-economic improvement with the help of technological know-how and expertise, determine China's S&T roadmaps for the appropriate 8 easy and strategic structures in accordance with China's truth, additional aspect S&T tasks of strategic significance to China's modernization, and supply S&T decision-makers with complete consultations for the advance of S&T innovation in line with China's fact. Supported through illustrations and tables of knowledge, the stories offer researchers, govt officers and marketers with advice bearing on study instructions, the making plans method, and funding. based in 1949, the chinese language Academy of Sciences is the nation's maximum educational establishment in common sciences. Its significant tasks are to behavior learn in easy and technological sciences, to adopt national built-in surveys on normal assets and ecological setting, to supply the rustic with medical information and consultations for government's decision-making, to adopt government-assigned tasks in regards to key S&T difficulties within the technique of socio-economic improvement, to start up team of workers education, and to advertise China's high-tech firms via its energetic engagement in those parts.

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After ·6· Ecological and Environmental Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050 1 Significance of Research on the Roadmap for the Development of Ecological and Environmental Technology ·7· Roadmap 2050 falling steadily since the 1990s, ambient sulphur dioxide concentration in urban areas began to be on the increase once again in 2002. In 2000–2004, emissions of the fixed source sulfur dioxide around the country increased 13%, failing to meet the goal of reducing 10% set forth in the Tenth Five-Year Plan.

Html. Historical Background of the Convention on Biological Diversity In 1972, United Nations Conference on human environment was held in Stockholm, in which United Nations Environment Programs was set up, governments of the world signed numerous regional and international treaties to deal with such issues as protection of wetlands, administration of trading in international endangered species, such treaties and relevant agreements for regulating toxic chemicals pollution worked together to slow down the trend of deteriorating environment, although such trend wasn’t basically reversed, international bans and restrictions on hunting, excavation and reselling of some animals and plants have reduced behaviors of over-hunting and poaching.

7 million square kilometers, accounting for 1/4 of the land area, with nearly 500 million people living in the desert area. 5% of the surface area and spreads at the speed of 2460 square kilometers. 826 billion acres (one acre is converted into 667 square meters), accounting for 10% of the surface area, its per capita arable land area is less than 1/2 of the world’s average level. With the continuous expansion of construction scale, the red line of 18 acres of arable lands is likely to be broken.

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