By Daniel Simberloff, Marcel Rejmanek
This pioneering encyclopedia illuminates a subject on the leading edge of worldwide ecology--biological invasions, or organisms that come to dwell within the improper position. Written by means of best scientists from world wide, Encyclopedia of organic Invasions addresses all points of this topic at a world level--including invasions by way of animals, crops, fungi, and bacteria--in succinct, alphabetically prepared articles. Scientifically uncompromising, but in actual fact written and freed from jargon, the amount encompasses fields of analysis together with biology, demography, geography, ecology, evolution, sociology, and traditional heritage. that includes many cross-references, feedback for extra examining, illustrations, an appendix of the world's worst a hundred invasive species, a thesaurus, and extra, this can be a vital reference for someone who wishes updated info in this vital topic.Encyclopedia of organic Invasions positive aspects articles on:• recognized invasive species such the zebra mussel, chestnut blight, cheatgrass, gypsy moth, Nile perch, vast African snail, and Norway rat• areas with specifically huge numbers of brought species together with the nice Lakes, Mediterranean Sea, Hawaiian Islands, Australia, and New Zealand.• Conservation, ecological, fiscal, and human and animal well-being affects of invasions all over the world• The methods and pathways eager about invasion• administration of brought species
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Extra info for Encyclopedia of Biological Invasions (Encyclopedias of the Natural World)
A g r i c u lt u r e 7 of establishing in a new environment, as might happen with unintentional species transfer (often resulting in very high mortality), cultivated populations are maintained under favorable conditions, with multiple chances to disperse beyond cultivated boundaries. Agriculture as a Sink for Invaders Several features of agricultural management make agroecosystems particularly susceptible to biological invasions. First, all agroecosystems are intentionally simplified in time and space: one or two (at most, several) species are reared in a designated area during a defined time period.
Several other studies have anecdotally noted economic impacts of Â�seaweed invaders as a result of colonization and fouling of aquaculture facilities, but no quantitative data are Â�currently available. , transport, establishment, and spread) of the invasion process. By far, the best form of managing invasive introduced algae is to prevent introductions from occurring altogether. This is especially true for algal species that have proven to be invasive in other locations around the world or for species that are closely related to known invasive species.
Over time, these Â�species disperse throughout the crop production range Table 1 Examples of Invasive Species Associated with Agriculture Invader Native Invaded Organism typea rangeb range Aphis glycines (soybean aphid) Harmonia axyridis (multicolored Asian lady beetle) Phakopsora pachyrhizi (soybean rust) Arundo donax (giant reed) Abutilon theophrasti (velvetleaf ) Kochia scoparia (kochia) Amaranthus rudis (common waterhemp) Sorghum halapense (Johnsongrass) Sus scrofa (feral swine) I I P C W C HR H, C L A A A A A EA NA A EA soybean production worldwide United States, Europe soybean production worldwide riparian ecosystems, southwestern United States agronomic crops worldwide Australian rangeland (eradicated) soybean production, north central United States agronomic crops, United States worldwide, many ecosystem types a Invader type abbreviations: C = crop introduction, H = alternate host for pest organism, HR = herbicide resistant biotype, I = insect pest, L = livestock, P = plant pathogen, W = weed b Native range abbreviations: A = Asia, EA = Eurasia, NA = North America 8 A g r i c u l t u r e and become so highly represented in the soil seedbank that even exotic weeds can saturate the invaded range.