By Patricia Egede
This monograph adresses the problem of the environmental evaluate of leightweight electrical cars. It poses the query even if using light-weight fabrics in electrical automobiles can lessen the cars’ environmental effect and compares the environmental functionality of a light-weight electrical automobile (LEV) to different forms of cars. The topical process makes a speciality of tools from existence cycle evaluate (LCA), and the publication concludes with a entire proposal at the environmental review of LEVs. the objective viewers basically contains LCA practitioners from study institutes and undefined, however it can also be necessary for graduate scholars focusing on the sphere of environmental evaluate.
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This is called classiﬁcation. In the third and ﬁnal step called characterization the category indicators are calculated. For this purpose characterisation factors are derived from the category indicators and the characterisation model. For example, to quantify climate change the global warming potential (GWP) of carbon dioxide (CO2) is deﬁned as 1. g. the GWP of methane is 25 because 1 unit of methane is 25 times stronger than CO2 regarding GWP). This scheme allows expressing the impact category climate change in CO2-equivalents (CO2-eq).
Int J Life Cycle Assess 13(3):212–218. 348 Friedrich HE (ed) (2013) Leichtbau in der Fahrzeugtechnik. ATZ/MTZ-Fachbuch. Springer Vieweg, Wiesbaden Hameyer K, De Doncker RW, van Hoek H, Hübner M, Hennen M, Kampker A, Deutskens C, Ivanescu S, Stolze T, Vetter A, Hagedorn J (2013) Elektrischer Antriebsstrang. In: Kampker A, Vallée D, Schnettler A (eds) Elektromobilität: Grundlagen einer Zukunftstechnologie. Springer Vieweg, Berlin, pp 263–295 Hauschild MZ, Huijbregts MA (2015) Life cycle impact assessment.
2013). They can reduce the power demand to around 3 kW (Del Duce et al. 2013). 4 Battery and Charging Losses Losses in the battery can occur in standstill and during the charging process. Battery still stand losses depend on the type and design of the battery as well as the use proﬁle. A high number of cells leads to higher still stand losses. However, the losses in lithium-ion batteries are generally low. g. the type of system such as wallbox or charging station) as well as on the battery itself (Del Duce et al.