By Oliver D. Cheesman

Strain from conservationists and extending legislation, implies that environmental issues are more and more very important for the sugar undefined. This ebook examines the environmental affects of the sugar when it comes to the cultivation of sugar vegetation (cane and beet) and the processing of the uncooked fabrics that they yield. those comprise soil erosion, lack of average conduct resulting in a discount in biodiversity, over the top water intake, water and pollution, and runoff and leaching of meals. while a few of these affects are primarily regular affects of agriculture, others, corresponding to these in relation to irrigation, are extra particular to the cultivation of sugar plants. The e-book additionally investigates the usage of waste material from sugar creation, and explores equipment of lowering the environmental affects of sugar creation and processing.

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Extra resources for Environmental Impacts of Sugar Production: The Cultivation and Processing of Sugarcane and Sugar Beet (Cabi Publishing)

Example text

Schistosomiasis in particular is considered further under environmental impacts associated with water consumption. e. farm village sites) has implications for human health and the wider environment. It makes recommendations in this respect, summarized as follows: • • • • Environmental Health Considerations There appear to be no particular environmental health issues associated with sugar beet, although agrochemical and factory safety considerations, for example, cannot be disregarded. UNEP (1982) suggested that there were relatively few major environmental health problems associated with sugarcane.

At the time of Legrand’s (2001) account, the database contained around 20,000 records, with some 150 new records being added each month. diversity of the soil fauna. Economic analyses showed a higher (not significantly) margin for the IFS. Integrated systems for beet cultivation have also been explored by Kovac and Zak (2000), and particularly in relation to pesticide and fertilizer strategies by Smid et al. (2001). g. Lanza, 1991). The need to consider farmer perceptions (as well as environmental and economic factors) in any proposed change to agricultural practice is noted by Wossink et al.

Commercial sugarcane is usually grown with high levels of inorganic fertilizer and pesticide inputs, and contamination of ground and surface waters is a major concern, particularly in areas with shallow watertables (Hartemink, 2003). SASA (2002) recognizes the potential harm to humans and the environment associated with agrochemical use in sugarcane cultivation, and makes a series of recommendations for the appropriate use of agrochemicals (including herbicides, fungicides, insecticides, nematocides, plant growth regulators and adjuvants), summarized as follows: • • • • • • • • Biological (rather than chemical) control of weeds, pests and diseases should be practised wherever possible.

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