By Paulina Golinska
The automobile is among the so much environmental acutely aware production sectors. Product take-back laws impact layout of the automobiles, creation applied sciences but additionally the configuration of automobile opposite provide chains. The enterprise perform comes each year in the direction of the closed loop provide chain suggestion which thoroughly reuses, remanufactures and recycles all fabrics. The booklet covers the rising environmental concerns in car in the course of the complete product existence cycle. Its concentration is put on a multidisciplinary procedure. It offers viewpoints of educational and body of workers at the demanding situations for implementation of sustainable police within the automobile sector
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It is especially attractive in the case of a lack of possibility for continuing the baseline schedule, and supports managers in choosing an alternative schedule. As a consequence, project portfolio management is more efficient, the competitiveness of the automotive company increases, and the launch of new vehicle models containing technologies less harmful to the environment is faster. The chapter includes illustrative examples concerning new sustainable trends in the automotive industry. Á Keywords Reference model Constraint satisfaction problem planning Decision support system Sustainability Á Á Á Project portfolio 1 Introduction The automotive industry is one of the most important worldwide drivers of growth and employment, as well as technological and managerial innovation.
A Declarative Approach to New Product Development 43 The efficient development of a task-oriented decision support system implies the formulation of a single knowledge base that results in a reference model of project planning. This model, in terms of constraint satisfaction problems can be described as including the sets of decision variables, their domains, and constraints which link and limit these variables. The hierarchical and open structure of model enables the solution of decision problems with varying levels of specificity.
The remaining sections of this chapter are organised as follows: Sect. 2 presents a reference model that encompasses the characteristics of an automotive company and project management. A problem formulation in terms of CSP for automotive project portfolio planning is specified in Sect. 3. A method for obtaining alternative variants of project portfolio is shown in Sect. 4. An illustrative example of the approach, which presents the possibility of decision problem specification in a direct and in an inverse way and considers up-to-date environmentally friendly technologies, is presented in Sect.