By Yonatan Tesfaye Fessha

How federalism can be utilized to supply reputation and accommodate ethnic teams is a crucial subject, not just in Africa, yet in multi-ethnic groups worldwide. studying how associations of multi-ethnic states were designed to house ethnic range whereas while protecting nationwide team spirit, this e-book locates institutional responses to the demanding situations of ethnic variety in the context of a federal association. It examines how a federal association has been used to reconcile the conflicting pressures of the call for for the popularity of detailed identities, at the one hand, and the advertising of political and territorial integrity, at the different. Comparative case experiences of South Africa and Ethiopia because the federal platforms offer a contrasting method of problems with ethnic variety. Suggesting new ways that federalism may paintings, the writer identifies key associations classes in order to aid to construct an all-inclusive society.

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What must be emphasized is the capacity of a system based on the principles of federalism to strike a deal that has the potential to satisfy ethnic communities sharing a common territory for the long haul (Gagnon 1993: 24). After all, state-building is a risky endeavour, especially in a multi-ethnic state where long-standing cleavages are often involved. One cannot also simply rely on failed federations and argue that federalism is a poor device to manage ethnic diversity. As much as there have been examples of failed federations, one must also be careful not to overlook federations that have been relatively effective in managing ethnic diversity.

Conclusion A multi-ethnic state is confronted with the complex problem of managing ethnic diversity. As the foregoing discussion indicates, the state cannot overcome this challenge by suppressing ethnic groups. That can only lead to further ethnic strife. It can neither be done by attempting to establish an ethnically neutral state nor, put differently, by separating state and ethnicity. A multi-ethnic state has to instead focus on other ways through which it can respond to the challenges of ethnic diversity without trying to transform itself into a nation-state.

His thesis is then that a standard liberal democratic approach will fail to fulfil its promise of managing ethnic diversities within an accommodating state, not because of its intrinsic flaws, but because the conditions in many deeply divided societies prevent its actualization and prevent the integration of diverse identities within a cohesive polity (Haysom, 2003: 224). It is in such societies that a state arrangement that is based on the principle of recognition becomes essential. Does this, however, mean multi-ethnic states, in which mobilization around ethnic identity is non-existent, do not have to worry about recognizing the ethnic diversity that characterizes their society?

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