By Everett H. Lindsay (auth.), Everett H. Lindsay, Volker Fahlbusch, Pierre Mein (eds.)

During the final ZO years nice growth has been completed in our realizing of either earth heritage and vertebrate evolution. the result's that climatic/tectonic occasions in earth heritage can now be positioned in a extra distinctive and international timeframe, that let their assessment as abiotic causal elements which would set off extinction and dispersal occasions in vertebrate heritage. nice strides have additionally been made in genetics and phone biology, supplying new perception into phylogenetic relationships between many vertebrates. those new facts, besides information on chronologie solution of earth historical past, supply exams of past interpretations relating to ancestral-descendant relationships dependent completely at the fossil list. it really is becoming and correct quantity on ecu Neogene mammal chronology is produced at the present, to make sure that new interpretations of vertebrate evolution and chronology are in accordance with the main actual and present info. Vertebrate paleon­ tologists think that the fossil list is the single safe facts for measuring the particular path and pace of vertebrate evolution. wisdom of the fossil list needs to maintain velocity with advances in different components of technological know-how in order that inferences on vertebrate evolu­ tion are actual and meaningful.

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Z5-59. , 1987. A consideration of some major topics concerning Old World Miocene mammalian chronology, migrations and paleogeography. Geobios, v. Z0(4), p. 431-439. , 1988a. Systematic, stratigraphic, and paleoenvironmental contexts of first-appearing Hipparion in the Vienna Basin, Austria. Journ. Vertebr. , v. 8(4), p. 4Z7-45Z. , 1988b. Dionysopithecus from southern Pakistan and the biochronology and biogeography of early Eurasian catarrhines. J o. Hum. , v. 17, p. 339-358. , 1969. Late Middle Eocene to Recent planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphy, in Bronnimann, R.

For the upper Oligocene, and probably extending into lower Miocene, no official proposal has been made for a European mammal stage. However, Agusti et al. (1988, and letter dated September Z7, 1988) are working on possible stratotype sections in the Ebro Basin. The Ramblian stage and its type section was established by Daams et al. (1987). The Aragonian stage and its type section was published by Daams et al. (1977) and further discussed by Daams and Freudenthal (1981, 1987). The Vallesian stage was originally designated by Crusafont Pairo (1950) and redescribed by Marks (1971), Aguirre et al.

Early MN8 zone faunas include C. L. (lower Sarmatian (Volhynian) stage), Comanesti 1 (lower Sarmatian (Volhynian) stage), Sof~a (Yeni Eskihisar pollen zone). 7 Ma) are limiting for younger MN8 zone correlations. Vallesian (MN9 and MNlO). The FAD of Hipparion (= Cormohipparion, a junior synonym of Hippotherium) was reevaluated by S. 5 Ma. Z5 Ma). 5 Ma by Sen, based on paleomagnetic data, and the horse was considered derived based on morphologic data (by Bernor, Tobien and Woodburne, this volume).

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