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Conway, ‘From Fellow-Nationals to Foreigners: British Perceptions of the Americans, circa 1739–1783’, The William and Mary Quarterly, LIX (2002), 65–100. 34. T. Dickinson, The Politics of the People in Eighteenth-Century Britain (New York: St. 266–7. 35. Colley, ‘Britishness and Otherness’, 316. 36. 82–96. 37. Colin Kidd has done the most to advance ideas about the ways in which different regional identities operated within a broader British national identity. See Kidd, ‘North Britishness’, 361–82.

Floridablanca sustained this policy despite renewed pressure from France to join an alliance with the American rebels in 1778, and France was eventually forced to take the first step without Spanish support. After receiving news of the surrender of a British army at Saratoga in October 1777, Vergennes finally took the plunge. 9 The Franco-American alliance and ensuing French war with Britain changed Spain’s position on the American Revolution, gradually shifting it away from neutrality. French diplomacy did much to ease the transition.

Ibid. 52. The Glasgow Journal, 25 August 1774. 24 Brad A. Jones 53. The Glasgow Journal, 8 April 1766. 54. H. Gould, ‘American Independence and Britain’s Counter-Revolution’, Past and Present, CLIV (1997) 113–17. 55. The Glasgow Chronicle or, Weekly Intelligencer, 14 November 1776. 56. Ibid. 57. Conway, ‘A Joy Unknown for Years Past’, 194. 58. Fagerstrom ‘Scottish Opinion’, 271 59. The Glasgow Mercury, 8 January 1778. 60. Ibid. 61. The Royal Gazette (New York City), 21 March 1778. 62. The London Chronicle, 15 January 1778.

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