By Charles Parsons

In "From Kant to Husserl", Charles Parsons examines a variety of historic opinion on philosophical questions, from arithmetic to phenomenology. Amplifying his early principles on Kant's philosophy of mathematics, Parsons makes use of Kant's lectures on metaphysics to discover how his arithmetical recommendations relate to the types. He then turns to early reactions by way of fast successors of Kant, Johann Schultz and Bernard Bolzano, to make clear disputed questions concerning interpretation of Kant's philosophy of arithmetic. , besides, in what Kant intended by way of "pure traditional science", Parsons considers the connection among the 1st Critique and the Metaphysical Foundations of common technological know-how. His observation on Kant's Transcendental Aesthetic departs from arithmetic to interact the vexed query of what it tells in regards to the that means of Kant's transcendental idealism. continuing directly to phenomenology, Parsons examines Frege's evolving suggestion of extensions, his angle towards set conception, and his correspondence, relatively exchanges with Russell and Husserl. An essay on Brentano brings out, with regards to judgment, a substitute for the now regular Fregean view of negation, and, on fact, choices to the normal correspondence view which are nonetheless mentioned at the present time. finishing with the query of why Husserl didn't take the "linguistic turn", a last essay integrated the following marks the one article-length dialogue of Husserl Parsons has ever written, regardless of a long-standing engagement with this philosopher.

“By displaying the continuity from Kant to vintage debates of the early 20th century and his personal research of structuralism, Parsons exhibits how glossy advancements don't simply supply upward push to new questions, yet remove darkness from matters whose curiosity and value isn't really localized to a proper environment. this is often what i locate most fun approximately his work.”—Katherine Dunlop, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews

“Parsons’s penetrating and cautious exploration of basic concerns within the philosophy of arithmetic has led him to review extensive key figures in past due 19th and early twentieth-century philosophy, particularly Kant, Frege, Brentano, and Husserl. those essays mix sophisticated and unique insights with a unified view on key subject matters past the philosophy of arithmetic. Even these people who immediately learn every little thing that Parsons writes get pleasure from having those essays gathered among covers and supplied with postscripts on fresh developments.”—Dagfinn Føllesdal, Stanford University

“Charles Parsons is the grasp of traditionally orientated philosophy of arithmetic, and his writings have performed a lot to light up the old figures he treats—especially Kant—well past their perspectives on arithmetic particularly. This quantity brings jointly Parsons’s later writings on Kant (appearing after 1980), and contains essays on Frege, Brentano, and Husserl in addition. the result's a deeply insightful contribution to our figuring out of 1 valuable strand within the improvement of philosophy from the overdue eighteenth to the early 20th century.”—Michael Friedman, Stanford University

“This welcome assortment comprises beneficial essays which were ignored or are tough to discover in different places; it's a nice carrier to deliver them jointly. As continuously, Parsons’s reflections are cautious, incisive, wealthy in perception, and worthwhile of a number of readings. a variety of philosophers will achieve for this quantity repeatedly.”—Daniel Sutherland, collage of Illinois

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A251) But if the object of our empirical representations is a thing in itself, and these representations represent their objects as spatial, then we have the Distortion view. But this conception of the object of representations 37 KANT is not the only one that Kant deploys even within the Subjectivist conception, as one can see from the discussions of the concept of object in the A deduction (esp. A104–105) and the Second Analogy (A191/ B236). I would like now to introduce a third possible meaning of the nonspatio-temporality of things in themselves, what I will call the Intensional view.

See Parsons, “Kant’s Philosophy of Arithmetic”; also Thompson, “Singular Terms and Intuitions,” §IV; J. ” 41 An influential recent tradition of discussion of Kant’s theory of construction of concepts, represented by Beth, Hintikka, and Friedman, ignores the more “phenomenological” side of Kant’s discussion of these matters. Beth and Hintikka in fact reduce the role of pure intuition in mathematics to elements that would, in modern terms, be part of logic. Hintikka draws the conclusion, natural on such a view, that Kant’s view that all our intuitions are sensible is inadequately motivated.

It is another question how much of a case Kant has yet made for the stronger claims of his theory of space. Regarding the claim that space is a priori, part of the content of this is surely that propositions about space will be known a priori, and it is hard to see so far that anything very specific has been shown to have this character. But the propositions in question will be primarily those of geometry, and we have not yet examined the Transcendental Exposition or other evidence concerning Kant’s view of geometry.

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