By O.P. Dwivedi
This ebook introduces readers within the environmental policy-making and administration procedure in India through studying a number of dimensions of environmental demanding situations confronted via the kingdom. those are: environmental coverage improvement, institutional mechanisms, felony and regulatory questions, cultural and non secular features, and overseas environmental matters influencing India. The booklet is split into 4 parts.
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This publication introduces readers within the environmental policy-making and administration strategy in India via studying a number of dimensions of environmental demanding situations confronted through the country. those are: environmental coverage improvement, institutional mechanisms, criminal and regulatory questions, cultural and non secular points, and foreign environmental matters influencing India.
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Additional info for India’s Environmental Policies, Programmes and Stewardship
4 per cent of the population had sewerage facilities, and only 37 per cent of waste water received some form of treatment. According to another report, only 198 towns, and thus only 27 per cent of the total urban population of India, have even limited sewerage facilities. Conditions in other cities, towns and rural areas are obviously much worse. At the national level a little over 5 per cent of the population have sewerage facilities and only 3 per cent are served by sewage treatment systems. 6 per cent of the population were served by primary and secondary waste water treatment facilities.
This has attracted the opposition of environmental groups, especially in the case of hydroelectric projects. which require large areas to be flooded. A case in point is the Sardar Sarovar Dam controversy. A series of 30 major, 135 medium 14 Managing the Environment and 3000 minor dams on the Narmada River and its tributaries (which flow through the states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharastra and Gujrat) are under various stages of construction. Among these, the largest one is Sardar Sarovar Dam Project (SSP), which has generated nationallevel controversy and international concern.
Vehicular pollution causes 50 per cent of the air pollution in cities. 6), combined with their poor maintenance and the use of low-grade petrol. Between 1986 and 1991 the number of vehicles increased by 10 million to reach 21 million, and this growth is expected to accelerate in the future as the industry rushes to produce more and more vehicles to meet the growing consumer demand. Although India has a low vehicular density relative to other industrialised nations, it is concentrated in the cities.