By Leonas Sabaliunas

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Extra info for Lithuania in crisis: nationalism to communism, 1939-1940

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For them “Operation Topac” is the evil of Islam at its purest—spreading the virus throughout the country starting with the only Muslim-majority state of India. From a specific operation to take over Kashmir, it became one to Islamize Kashmir, and then very soon to Islamize various parts of the Indian territory and balkanize the country. Hindu nationalists added layers to this story. For instance, Paliwal quotes a person named Nawabzada Nabiullah Khan from a Baluchi magazine of 1999—“The ultimate aim of Operation Topac is to make India a million pieces so that it is easy for Pakistan to swallow India once [sic] piece at a time”(Paliwal 2003: 2).

Muslims pose a threat because of Islam; Islam poses a threat today because it has always posed a threat. Negating the actual messy and complicated history of centuries of conflict, cooperation, trade, mysticism, social change, and 32 HINDU NATIONALISM IN INDIA political evolutions, Hindutva focuses almost exclusively on violence as the driver of history. : 1). ” The pamphlet narrates a history of Hindu-Muslim historical clash and relies upon selective quotes from Western and Indian scholars. It is worth noting that Hindutva while claiming to protect indigenous knowledge from foreign influences has no qualms in validating its narrative of hate by relying upon Orientalist and right-wing Western commentators.

Such statements are meant to remind Hindus that they should not be relaxed about the numerical minority status of Muslims or Christians since the Semitic religions of Islam and Christianity have expansionism as well as monotheism as their central pillars. Gandhi’s “sarva dharma samabhava” (equal treatment of all religions) is rejected as self-defeating by Hindu nationalists. Following in the footsteps of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century Shuddhi (Purification) movement, contemporary Hindu nationalists coax and pressurize Indian converts to Christianity and Islam, especially the recent ones or those held as practicing the “incomplete” form of any religion.

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