By Robert W. Hastings

An essential and risky a part of the hot Orleans panorama and way of life, the Lake Pontchartrain Basin really comprises 3 significant our bodies of water--Lakes Borgne, Pontchartrain, and Maurepas. those make up the Pontchartrain estuary. Robert W. Hastings offers a radical exam of the ancient and environmental examine at the basin, with emphasis on its environmental degradation and the efforts to revive and safeguard this estuarine method. He additionally explores the present organic situation of the lakes.Hastings starts off with the geological formation of the lakes and the connection among local americans and the water they known as Okwa'ta, the "wide water." From the historic interval, he describes the forays of French explorer Pierre Le Moyne D'Iberville in 1699 and strains the environmental historical past of the basin in the course of the improvement of the hot Orleans metropolitan zone. utilizing the lakes for transportation after which sport, the encompassing inhabitants burgeoned, and this progress ended in critical water pollutants and different environmental difficulties. within the Eighties the Lake Pontchartrain Basin beginning led a concerted force to revive the lakes, an ongoing attempt that has proved major.

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A necessary and risky a part of the hot Orleans panorama and way of life, the Lake Pontchartrain Basin truly comprises 3 significant our bodies of water--Lakes Borgne, Pontchartrain, and Maurepas. those make up the Pontchartrain estuary. Robert W. Hastings offers an intensive exam of the old and environmental learn at the basin, with emphasis on its environmental degradation and the efforts to revive and shield this estuarine method.

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C. D. (Coastal Environments, Inc. 1983; Beavers et al. 1985). The early settlement sites were chosen for relatively high ground, a source of fresh water, and a supply of food (Saucier 1963). In the Pontchartrain basin, these were on the Prairie Terrace margins, relict beaches, and natural levees of streams. The association of the settlements with Lake Pontchartrain was obviously because of the abundance of shellfish for food, especially rangia clams. Few settlements existed along the Mississippi River, possibly because food was more easily obtained along the lakes.

20 ENVIRONMENTAL HISTORY OF THE BASIN sylvatica; red when applied to yellow fabric), and bark from walnut trees (Juglans nigra) brought from the north (black or dark brown). Strips of cypress bark (Taxodium distichum) were used as cords. At Bushnell’s time, the Choctaw seldom ate fish or clams, even though both were abundant and had been eaten by their ancestors. Many of the place names associated with Lake Pontchartrain are derived from Indian terms, primarily from the Choctaw language. These include bayou or bogue (river), amite (young), ponchatoula or ponchitoawa (singing hair or Spanish moss), tangipahoa or tanzipao (corn cob), tchefuncte (chinquapin, Castanea pumila), falaya (long), and chinchuba (alligator; Bushnell 1909; Parkerson 1969).

Louis and Biloxi bays? Is its entrance very far from the sea? Is it what the other maps call baye du St. ” Apparently Iberville’s answers, if he did respond to these questions, are not available to us. On one of the anonymous maps examined by Delanglez (Archives du Service Hydrographique, Paris, 138bis-1-5), the legend “Lac du pontchartrain” of the original is crossed out and is replaced by “baye du S. 2). Delanglez was not aware of Bisente’s map. This map had been obtained in 1697 from the Spanish ship Santo Cristo de Maracaibo, along with Bisente who was taken prisoner, by the French ship Bon (Captain M.

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