By Gunnar Grendstad, Per Selle, Kristin Stromsnes, Oystein Bortne

This ebook explains and demonstrates how the Norwegian case of environmentalism is exclusive. the 2 attached anomalies of an inclusive and nation pleasant society and a powerful orientation and dedication to neighborhood groups make the case stand except mainstream foreign definitions of environmentalism.

The authors research a particular political tradition with a slightly precise blend of country constitution and civil society of which prepared environmentalism is a vital half. The political tradition affects organizational shape and organizational ideology in addition to the way in which those organistions are associated with and engage with the goverment. The examine indicates why overseas non-government businesses (INGOs) that are profitable in other places, resembling Greenpeace, are not able to set up themselves in a few countries.

The research compares Norwegian environmentalism with views and findings from different political platforms. extra typically, this is often additionally a examine at the position of voluntary firms and civil society in a selected kind of democracy. The ebook throws mild on why the operating of the Norwegian political method – in addition to the Scandinavian political structures extra quite often – is frequently misunderstood within the foreign literature.

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Download e-book for iPad: Unique Environmentalism: A Comparative Perspective by Gunnar Grendstad, Per Selle, Kristin Stromsnes, Oystein

This e-book explains and demonstrates how the Norwegian case of environmentalism is exclusive. the 2 hooked up anomalies of an inclusive and country pleasant society and a powerful orientation and dedication to neighborhood groups make the case stand except mainstream overseas definitions of environmentalism.

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All in all, there has been deeper conflicts within different governmental bodies than between the state and the environmental organizations. Also, when it comes to the development of watercourses, we do see the importance of the local community perspective. The development of watercourses entails an industrial and a local part. Technological development in the beginning of the 1900s made large-scale industry dependent on hydroelectric power. 28 In this process, large dams were built and waterfalls and rivers diminished to trickles or altogether disappeared into pipelines.

Breakthrough and Politization: 1969–1981 The goal of The European Nature Conservation Year in 1970 was to advance greater environmental concern. In Norway, Prime Minister at the time, Per Borten, ceremoniously chaired the national committee. This environmental campaign was 48 Information in this paragraph is in part based on a long letter from Sigmund Kvaløy Setreng to the authors. Breakthrough and Politization: 1969–1981 39 deemed a success and the environmental movement gained momentum (Gundersen, 1996).

Hardly any of the environmental organizations developed a distinct green ideology. Also, none of the broad environmental organizations include animal liberation as part of environmentalism (see Chapter 7). Today, the Norwegian environmental movement is a rather pragmatic one. The local community orientation simply keeps this tendency in place. The local orientation is an essential part of the political culture in a political system that lacks 33 For an interesting analysis on how the American voluntary sector also started out as rather integrative across geography, but later became much more dual with less grassroot influence on what is going on at the central level, see Skocpol (2003).

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